Smith_Alexis__T_ien_Banks_Last winter, we introduced “The Situation in American Writing,” a questionnaire adapted from The Partisan Review that asked questions about literature’s responsibility to address seismic changes in culture, the publishing industry, and the political and geopolitical landscape. That questionnaire, which featured responses from Marilynne Robinson, George Saunders, Victor LaValle, T.C. Boyle, Dana Spiotta, and dozens of other writers was incredibly popular and illustrative of the concerns and preoccupations that writers carry with them when practicing their craft.

This year we are interested in the situation of writers, rather than writing, in the subjective experience of writing fiction, rather than fiction’s responsibilities to respond to a rapidly changing world. To this end we are interested in examining the trying intellectual, creative, and emotional labor that is often unacknowledged or effaced in the public presentation of writing. What we’re interested in, to put it another way, is pathos.

This year, we’ve crafted a questionnaire asking writers about the effect writing has had on their physical, emotional, and economic health; on the idea of poverty being a precondition for writing well; on what makes writing truthful to one’s self and to readers. Ultimately, we are interested in the consequences of pursuing writing as a vocation.

Alexis Smith is the author of one novel, Glaciers, that was published last year by Tin House.

How has your decision to write affected your health? Has it had negative effects on your personal life?

My writing life is my personal life — I’ve always been a writer and I’ve always had literate, artistic friends and lovers — and I’m content with that, even if a life with other creative types can be crazy-making.

I quit my good-paying job with health insurance to write full-time. It was a tough choice; I had dental and vision coverage. I had paid sick time. But I also had more health problems working that job: I worked with children and the public, so I caught every disgusting winter snotfest that walked through the doors. I caught impetigo once, and the norovirus. I even caught whooping cough (word to the wise: get your booster shots). I was also more likely to be depressed and generally stressed out and have sleep problems working that job.

In the year since I quit my day job, I’ve gained 20 pounds from sitting on my ass in front of the computer all day. I developed an SI joint problem that made sitting excrutiatingly painful. I’m not kidding. I couldn’t sit. I started doing all of my work standing up. Then I started hiking and trail running a few times a week–something that I wouldn’t have been able to fit into my schedule as easily as a single mom with a timecard to punch. Now my SI is fine, and I’ve found that the running is incredibly good for my writing. In the end, I think that doing what I love is better for me than being an hourly wage-slave. But, I’m not as young as I used to be, so health insurance sometime in the near future would be great.

There is long tradition that links the craft of writing with poverty. Do you think that’s appropriate? Does poverty feel like the most appropriate condition for your practice as a writer?

Suffering of any kind can bring out the expression of certain character traits in people. Empathy and sensitivity being big ones, which are valuable for artists. And ranges of experience are important for people whose work it is to express something meaningful about life. But this romantic notion that suffering financially is somehow integral to the creation of art is infuriating to me. Not having a stable, safe place to live, and access to the basic necessities of life, crushes individual human souls every living day on this planet. Can great art happen under these and other inauspicious circumstances?

Absolutely, and that is one of the great arguments for the necessity of art in the world — that it arises in even the most harrowing and painful situations. But it is hardly a prerequisite, and more often than not poverty is, in fact, an impediment to creative expression.

In terms of my life, I won’t pretend to know what real poverty is. I grew up working poor, with young, under-educated parents, became middle class through the continuing education and hard work of my parents in the 90’s, and now I, like many of my generation, am working class again. I consider myself working class because I work — yes, writing novels is work; we writers produce something that people want–and I am getting by, but only just. I have made sacrifices to be able to do what I love, but that would be true if I had had any number of callings. I know that I would be a more productive writer if I didn’t, monthly, spend several days freaking out about paying the bills. But just on a day by day basis, I know that my relative financial comfort, not my proximity to having nothing at all, is responsible for my ability to find the physical and mental space to write.

In a rare 1983 interview the enigmatic and often dour Romanian writer Emil Cioran speaks about only reading Nietzsche’s letters because he became concerned with how untruthful Nietzsche’s published works seemed when read against the miserable condition of his day to day existence (isolated, weak, sickly, certainly not characterized by any sense of vigor). Is there any sense in which the truth of one’s condition should be related to the truth of one’s writing, even if in an oblique sense?

I can see how that would be an interesting lense through which to examine a body of work, but, generally, I think the work should, in the end, be allowed to exist on its own, apart from the details of a writer’s biography. Don’t get me wrong; I love biographical details. But the question seems to suggest that writers may be obligated to draw from their lives in very specific ways (the profound misery, in Nietzsche’s case? Why not only the strength of his imagination or the vigor of his intellect?), and anything outside of that is a sort of lie.

I write fiction for a reason. I borrow from my life, sometimes heavily. The “truth of [my] condition,” when you get right down to it, is that I have an overactive dreamlife, and instead of letting it stunt my emotional growth, alienate others, and compromise my sanity, I write. The truth of my writing is that, on a good day, it comes directly from the purest part of me, however removed from the baroque details of my daily life it might seem.

Are you envious of other people’s success? If so, are you more envious of people’s success in your field or outside of it? Why?

I have been envious of other writers, of course. Or, at the very least felt a little like the kid who didn’t get invited to the classmate’s party. This time of year is ripe for it, with all the “Best of 2012” lists compiled by reviewers and bloggers and editorial boards. I don’t dwell on it, though. Other writers are readers too, after all, and I’ve been on the receiving end of some incredibly generous fellow writers’ public support in the last year. I’d rather dole out the same whenever I get a chance. If I do feel a twinge of jealousy now and then, I just hush up about it and count the successes I can claim.

Aside from writing, do you have any other marketable skills? If so, are you ever tempted to cease writing fiction entirely so you can live a more stable life?

I’m sure I have marketable skills, just not especially lucrative ones. Whatever I have to do to pay the bills, I’ll always be writing, too.

Do you feel like the world owes you a chance to make a living as a writer?

Just a chance to make a living? Of course. And I think I’m one of the lucky ones who is getting that chance. Not everyone can be a writer, but not everyone can be a teacher, either, even when they get it in their heads to do it, because it’s a “marketable skill,” because they spent a lot of money going to school for it… Everyone deserves the chance to try something and either fail or succeed.

I think the world — or maybe just America? — needs to rethink the values we assign different kinds of work. We supposedly take pride in hands-on labor, making stuff and processing stuff and fixing stuff, with blood, sweat and tears, yet we compensate the people who oversee the the making and fixing of things more and more, and the actual makers and fixers less and less. So fewer and few people are making a living wage.

I consider artists and writers makers. Also makers: baristas, farmers, teachers, carpenters, landscapers. Fixers: housekeepers, road crews, social workers, firefighters. People who sell the made stuff, the people who process the waste created by making and selling, they’re somewhere in these categories, too. I don’t want to get into the current financial clusterfuck in this country, but I think Americans have been conned into believing that we should just be happy we have jobs at all, and not unpatriotically question the magnanimity and benificence of the “job creators.” The drop in wages for all of us over the last decades has been the most damaging thing to the economy, in my opinion, and the thing that drives the bitterness people feel about their jobs and the deferment of their dreams. When we’re all busting our asses just to make ends meet, then getting chastised in the media for not having more “consumer confidence” or for taking out loans we couldn’t afford, it’s pretty easy to start thinking that we deserve better opportunities for success.

What is the strongest emotional reaction you have ever elicited from a reader, either in your written work or during a reading? What is the strongest emotional reaction you have ever elicited from yourself during the writing process?

Every so often I get messages from veterans, and those are the messages that do me in. It means a lot to me that people who have been to war see something in Spoke that they recognize, and that they find comfort in Isabel’s desire to understand and accept Spoke for who he is.

I’m a slow writer, partly because I’m obsessed with language and partly because I want stories to read emotionally true. Most writers I know are a bit like method actors, drawing on their emotional memories to really feel what their characters feel as they write. In my next novel, the heroine’s father dies when she’s eleven. I cried my way through a paragraph. My father is alive and well, but I could still feel that eleven year old trying to make sense of the sudden void in her life.

Physical reactions can be startling. Sexy scenes, for example. I’ve never asked another writer, but I suspect I’m not the only one who needs to get up and do jumping jacks or something to get the blood flowing back to the brain…

When are you at your most truthful as a writer?

I’m most truthful as a writer when I’m actually writing. I feel like a complete imposter when I’m blocked and avoiding the story, or on a procrastination binge, or talking a lot about writing but not actually writing. The writing itself is the truest thing. If I’m doing it, I’m responding to the truest part of myself.

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